Diagnosis and treatment of urolithiasis

Urolithiasis (urolithiasis) is a disease in which stones form in the organs of the urinary system.

Diagnosis of ICD includes:

  • Collection of anamnesis and complaints: the doctor asks questions about the symptoms, their duration, the presence of concomitant diseases, etc.
  • General and biochemical blood analysis: allows you to assess the general condition of the body and identify possible metabolic disorders.
  • General urine analysis: allows you to detect the presence of inflammation, blood and other changes in the urine.
  • Ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder: allows you to see the presence of stones, their size and location.
  • Radiography: Allows you to see stones containing calcium.
  • CT and MRI: allow you to get a more detailed image of the stones and assess the condition of the kidneys and ureters.
  • Excretory urography: allows you to evaluate the function of the kidneys and ureters, as well as to see the presence of stones.

Treatment of ICD depends on the size and location of the stones, as well as on the presence of complications.

Treatment may include:

  • Conservative treatment: it is aimed at dissolving stones with the help of medicines.
  • Surgical treatment: removal of stones by endoscopic or open surgery.
  • Remote lithotripsy: Destruction of rocks with the help of shock waves.
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: removal of stones through a small incision in the skin.

After treatment, it is necessary to follow the doctor’s recommendations on nutrition and lifestyle in order to prevent the re-formation of stones.

It is important to remember that the treatment of ICD should be carried out under the supervision of a urologist. Self-medication can lead to serious complications.