Kidney diseases: diagnosis and treatment

Kidney disease is a group of pathological conditions that can affect the functioning of the kidneys and urinary system. They can be caused by various causes, such as infections, autoimmune diseases, genetic factors, and others.

Diagnosis of kidney diseases includes various examination methods that allow you to determine the cause, severity and nature of the disease. Here are some of them:

  • General urine analysis – allows you to assess kidney function and identify the presence of infection or other problems.
  • Biochemical blood test – shows the level of creatinine, urea and other substances that may indicate impaired kidney function.
  • Ultrasound examination (ultrasound) – allows you to see the structure of the kidneys and assess their size, shape and location.
  • Radiography – can be used to assess the structure of the kidneys and identify stones or other abnormalities.
  • Computed tomography (CT) – a more detailed examination method that allows you to obtain more accurate information about the kidneys and surrounding tissues.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – can be used to obtain detailed images of the kidneys and surrounding tissues.
    *Kidney biopsy is an invasive examination method in which a sample of kidney tissue is taken for analysis.

Treatment of kidney disease depends on the cause and nature of the disease. In some cases, treatment may include medication, lifestyle changes, diet, and in severe cases, dialysis or kidney transplantation.

It is important to consult a doctor if symptoms of kidney disease appear, such as lower back pain, discoloration of urine, swelling, increased blood pressure, and others. The doctor will conduct an examination and prescribe appropriate treatment.